420 GLOSSARY

Access Point

A medical access point is an authorized location where patients can find and purchase medical marijuana. The facility must follow state guidelines so authorization, paperwork, and a store process should be expected.

Aroma

A term used to describe the general smell and/or taste of a certain plant or flower. Individual definition of aromas (such as “earthy,” skunky,” or “citrus“) can differ somewhat, so aroma descriptions are meant as a basic guideline.

Backcross

Ahybrid plant that has been bred with one of its parents (or a plant that is genetically similar) in order to create offspring that is closer to that of the the original parent.

BHO

BHO stands for butane hash oil and is a potent concentrate of cannabinoids made by dissolving marijuana in its plant form in a solvent (usually butane). The resulting product has very high THC levels.

Bong

A large pipe, usually made of glass, that uses water to diffuse and cool the smoke as you breathe it into your lungs. The preferred method for many because it drvies the smoke deeper into the user’s lungs faster.

 

Blunt

Cannabis wrapped in a tobacco leaf cigar or cigarillo paper. The cigar may be hollowed out and then re-rolled with cannabis, and the origin of the name was coined due to the popularity of the brand Phillies Blunt Cigars.

Bud

Bud refers to the actual flower of the marijuana plant. These are the fluffy parts that are harvested and used for recreational or medicinal purposes as they contain the highest concentrations of active cannabinoids.

Budtender

This is the attendant working behind the counter at your local dispensary or retail cannabis shop who may be able to answer your questions on strains, cannabis products, and make suggestions based on your needs.

Cannabinoid

Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds unique to cannabis that produce various effects including pain relief and other medically beneficial uses. There are over 85 known cannabinoids all with varying effects, so THC isn’t the only one.

Cannabis

Cannabis is a plant genus of Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica are used to produce both recreational and medical marijuana.

CBD

Abbreviation for cannabidiol. Recently, CBD has gained support for its use as a medical treatment as research has shown it effectively treats pain, inflammation, and anxiety without the psychoactive effects.

CO2 Oil

CO2 oil is a cannabis concentrate, made from the CO2 extraction process, a fluid state of carbon dioxide held at or above the critical point of temperature and pressure, which can be used as a solvent in the cannabis extraction process.

Concentrate

Concentrates are a potent consolidation made by dissolving marijuana in its plant form into a solvent. The resulting product has very high THC levels (generally more than flowers or hashish).

Co-op

Short for cooperative , refers to a community of patients or consumers in a given area who join together to share and receive marijuana. Co-ops usually have specific membership requirements and are generally exclusive to members.

 

Clone

This refers to a clipping from a cannabis plant, which can then be rooted and grown through a cloning process of the mother plant, from which the clone was cut.

Cross

A cross (referring to crossbreeding) is the result when two different plant strains are bred together. For example, Blue Dream is a cross between Blueberry and Haze strains.

Dab/Dabbing

A dab is a slang term used to refer to a dose of cannabis concentrates “dabbed” onto a redhot surface and inhaled. The act of “dabbing” refers to partaking in dabs.

Dispensary

A term used to refer to any location where a patient can legitimately and safely access cannabis, whether the business is technically an access point, pick-up location. co-op, collective or any other version of a legal cannabis distributor.

Edibles

Edibles are medicated edible goods that have been infused with cannabis extracts. They are commonly baked goods such as cookies and brownies, but options as varied as flavored coffee drinks, breads, and candies exist as well.

Feminized

Feminized plants come from seeds that have been selectived to produce only female plants. Only female plants produce flowers (where most of cannabinoids are found) and are the only ones that are used to create marijuana products.

Flowering Time

Flowering time refers to the time it takes for a plant to produce mature flowers. Cannabis flowering times are affected by the length of daily exposure the plant receives to sun. When flowering times are reported for a strain, they are general estimates based on how the plants do on average in optimal conditions. Actual flowering times will vary and it is up to the grower to decide when to harvest for maximum benefit.

Flowers

While cannabis flowers don’t have traditional petals or look like daisies, they are still the reproductive organ of the female plants. If left unfertilized, they will continue to produce the resin that contains their active cannabinoids.

Hash (Oil)

Short for hashish, which is derived from cannabis plants by the removal of the plant’s THC rich trichomes by sieving or filtering. Once the cannabinoid-laden powder has been collected, it is typically pressed and ready to be used.

Heirloom

An heirloom refers to a cannabis strain that was taken from its native homeland and propagated in another geographical location. These strains tend to be original unadultrated Indica or Sativa.

Hemp

A fibrous product tproduced from the male cannabis plant and used in the manufacture of rope, paper, beauty products, and a vast array of other products. Hemp plants have no value as a drug since they are males.

Hybrid

A plant that is genetically a cross between one or more strains of cannabis. Usually bred specifically to combine desired traits of the original plants. Most marijuana on the market today is some form of hybrid.

Hydroponics

A system of gardening that does not use soil. Plants are grown in water and receive their nutrients from the addition of solutions rather than soil. Advantages include more control over nutrient intake and stability.

Indica

Short name for the Cannabis indica species. Compared to their sativa counterparts, the plants are shorter, bushier and have more compact flowers. This species tends to produce more relaxing physical effects and can have a sedative quality.

Kief

Trichomes that have been separated from the rest of the marijuana flower. Since trichomes are the sticky crystals that contain the vast majority of the plant’s cannabinoids, kief is known to be extremely potent.

Kush

Cannabis plants that hail from the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Kush strains are indicas and have a unique aroma that have given them a large fan base.

Landrace

A local variety of cannabis that has adapted to the environment of its geographic location. Landrace strains are often named after their native region, like Afghani, Thai, and Hawaiian.

Marijuana

The general term for female cannabis plants or their dried flowers. Females are are the ones that produce flowers which contain the high percentage of cannabinoids that hold both their medicinal and psychoactive properties.

OG

A term used to describe many strains, the term originated to describe Southern California’s Ocean Grown Kush, which was quickly shortened to OG Kush. OG Kush grew quickly in fame and reputation. Most OGs are grown on the West Coast.

Phenotype

Refers to the general physical characteristics of the plant such as height, color, branching, leaf configuration down to cell structure—any markers that can be used to identify and judge the healthiness of a plant.

Pistil

Pistils are part of a female plant’s anatomy. On cannabis, it’s identified as the little hair-like extensions on the flowers that range in color from white to red to darker orange-brown.

Pot

Pot is a slang term for marijuana. To smoke pot is to consume the flowers of the cannabis plant, by smoking it. This releases THC, which gives the user a high.

Pre-roll

Pre-roll is a commonly used term that refers to a pre-rolled marijuana cigarette, slangily known as a joint. Many dispensaries have pre-rolls available for purchase.

Ruderalis

Ruderalis is a low-THC cannabis variety that is primarily selected by breeders for its CBD-rich genetics. Unlike Cannabis sativa and indica, which use light cycles to flower, ruderalis is an “autoflowering” variety, meaning it flowers with age.

Sativa

Short for cannabis sativa In general, these plants originated along the equator. Sativas grow taller, are lighter in color and take longer to flower. Sativas tend to produce more cerebral effects as opposed to physical and sedative ones.

Shatter/Ice

Nickname for cannabis extracts such as BHO or CO2 oil, achieved through a variety of extraction processes and solvents, most commonly butane. A highly potent oil of varying consistencies most popularly used for vaporization and dabbing.

Strain

A specific variety of a plant species. Strains are developed to produce distinct desired traits in the plant and are usually named by their breeders. Strain names often reflect the plant’s appearance, its promised buzz, or its place of origin.

THC

An abbreviation for tetrahydrocannabinol, the most well-known cannabinoid in marijuana plants. THC is also the component in marijuana that is responsible for the psychoactive effects, or the “high.”

Tincture

Liquid cannabis extract that is often dosed with a dropper. Tinctures can be flavored and are usually placed under the tongue, where they are absorbed quickly or added to food or drink.

Topical

A cannabis product where the active properties have been extracted and added to a lotion or a cream applied to the skin. Medicinal properties are absorbed through the skin and can treat muscle aches, long term soreness, or dry skin.

Trichome

The resin production glands of the cannabis plant. In Greek the word means “growth of hair,” but they are not hairs which is how they are often described. THC, CBD and other cannabinoids are all produced in these glands.

Vaporizer

A device used to heat marijuana or oils to a temperature that produces a cannabinoid-laced vapor to inhale. Vaporizing is healthier than smoking since there is no smoke to ingest.

Wax

A newer form of marijuana concentrate, otherwise known as BHO, which stands for Butane hash oil. A thick, oily substance or a little like honey. Butane is used in the process of making it which is why it is otherwise known as BHO.

Weed

A slang term for marijuana. To smoke pot is to consume the flowers of the cannabis plant, by smoking it. This releases THC, which gives the user a high.